Design by Poul Henningsen.
PH 3-2.5 Bollard is a member of the PH 3-shade family, and the principle behind the PH 3-shade fixture was made in a few hectic months in the winter of 1925-26 for a large exhibition hall in Copenhagen, Denmark called "Forum". This is what Poul Henningsen said about his new fixture in 1926: "The real innovation in the PH-fixture is that it produces lighting which is both glare free and economical. It is easy enough to create glare-free light (indirect and strongly shaded light) if a portion of the light is allowed to be wasted, and it is equally easy to make fixtures which are highly efficient if you ignore the fact that they severely irritate the eye (strong specular reflection, etc.) but it is an art to make light both economical and glare free". The combination of diffused reflection and a logarithmic shade curve also gave PH the opportunity to control the fixture’s glare and shading. The luminance transitions from shade to shade would also appear harmonic. The PH3-shade system started out as a pendant solution but very quickly it also developed into other kinds of fixtures for tables, floors, walls and a great number of different chandeliers.
The fixture is designed based on the principle of a reflective three-shade system, which directs the majority of the light downwards. The shades have a matte white painted interior surface, diffusing the light in a comfortable way.
Material(s): stainless steel, glass
Dimensions: 11.7"D X 35.8"H
Lamp Type: incandescent
Bulbs: 1 X 60W 120V E26 (medium base) A19 incandescent lamp (not included)
Listing: UL, cUL, IBEW, Wet Location
Manufacturer Specifications: Click to download Specifications.
Instructions: Click to download Instructions.
Poul Henningsen was born in Copenhagen to the famous Danish actress Agnes Henningsen. He never graduated as an architect, but studied at The Technical School at Frederiksberg, Denmark from 1911-14, and then at Technical College in Copenhagen from 1914-17.
He started practicing traditional functionalistic architecture, but over the years his professional interests changed to focus mainly on lighting. He also expanded his field of occupation into areas of writing, becoming a journalist and an author. For a short period at the beginning of WWII, he was the head architect of the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen. But like many other creative people, he was forced to flee Denmark during the German occupation but soon became a vital part of the Danish colony of artists living in Sweden.
His lifelong collaboration with Louis Poulsen Lighting began in 1925 and lasted until his death. To this day, Louis Poulsen Lighting still benefits from his genius. Poul Henningsen was also the first editor of the company magazine "NYT". The CEO of Louis Poulsen at the time, Sophus Kaastrup-Olsen, gave the magazine to PH as a gift because he had been terminated from the Danish newspaper he worked for (his opinions were too radical).
Poul Henningsen's pioneering work concerning the relations between light structures, shadows, glare, and color reproduction—compared to man's need for light remains the foundation of the lighting theories still practiced by Louis Poulsen Lighting.
Creating ideal functional, comfortable and ambience-generating lighting for people has been Louis Poulsen Lighting's mission from its incorporation. Louis Poulsen Lighting's overall ambition is to create harmonious and people-friendly lighting.
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