Ideas + Inspiration

Safety First: Baby & Kids Furniture

Navigating the world of safety features and certifications when shopping for baby and kids furniture can be overwhelming. To help clear up the mystery around all of these modern nurseries and kid’s furniture certification terms, here’s a comprehensive guide and glossary for your reference.

It’s important to educate yourself on what goes into producing furniture, especially when it comes to your children. Many modern-day products are manufactured using harsh and toxic chemicals that can have a negative effect on your health, and more importantly, your growing baby. Knowing what your baby and kids furniture are made out of is important, ensuring that you can make educated and well-informed decisions.

Forest Stewardship Certified (FSC) Factory

Modern, white and teal changing dresser.

Companies, like Spot On Square, that produce their modern kid’s furniture in FSC factory are committed to supporting environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world’s forests. That means all of the materials are eco-friendly and have been sustainably harvested from responsibly managed forests.

Green Grade, Eco-Friendly MDF + Eco-Friendly, Water-Based Finishes

MDF boards are made from wood waste and generally contain a number of carcinogenic and toxic adhesive binders, like formaldehyde, which off-gas over time. MDF that is green grade and eco-friendly can mean a number of things such as being chemical-free and made from 100% recyclable materials. Because of this, it’s important to double-check with the manufacture.

California Air Resources Board (CARB) 2 Compliant:

Modern, wooden bunk bed.

The California Air Resources Board is also known as the Air Resources Board (ARB). Established in 1967, CARB is a department of the California Environmental Protection Agency and strives to maintain and improve air quality. CARB Phase 1 and Phase 2 are a part of California’s Composite Wood Products Regulation (CWP Regulation) to reduce the formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products, hardwood plywood, particleboard and medium-density fiberboard (MDF). This is considered the strictest air quality measure because it caps emissions levels, ensuring cleaner and safer air quality. These standards exceed those of the European E1 and E0 standards.

Flame Retardant-Free/Foam Free of CFC’s, PBDE’s or TDCPP

Orange contemporary rocking chair.

Before 2015 all furniture was required to be treated with flame retardants to decrease flammability, either CFCs, PBDE’s or TDCPP were used, all of which off-gas and accumulate in household dust. Furniture that is flame retardant-free or foam that is free of CFC’s, PBDE’s or TDCPP will generally be made from 100% natural latex and contain a wool barrier, which is a natural flame retardant.

Global Organic Textile Standard Certified Organic Factory

Child proof credenza

Textiles produced in a (GOTS) Certified Organic Factory is composed of at least 70% of organic fibers and are manufactured under high-level environmental criteria. Any and all chemicals used during production have to meet certain toxicological criteria.

Low Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)

A Volatile organic compound is a liquid that evaporates at room temperature and contains carbon. Not all VOCs are toxic. Products that are Low VOC means that their VOC content is at or below 150 g/L.

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Rating System

modern twin bed with wood backboard.

LEED is a rating system devised by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) to stimulate green building practices by evaluating the environmental performance of a building and to encourage market transformation towards sustainable design.

Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association (JPMA) Certification

A voluntary program that provides an easy and efficient way for companies to ensure the fulfillment of all necessary testing requirements for juvenile products sold in the United States. JPMA certification seal assures the customer that the products are in compliance with the requirements of the current applicable ASTM standards and Federal requirements. Meaning they’re products and companies that you can trust to produce safe and effective modern kids’ furniture.

Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) Regulations

The Consumer Products Safety Commission helps to protect the public from dangerous consumer products that can result in injury or even death from use. Ensuring the safety of toys and cribs, the CPSC regulates and protects consumers from products that pose any type of threat, including fire, electrical, chemical, or mechanical hazard.

GREENGUARD Gold certified

white baby crib from oeuf

Products that are GREENGAURD Gold certified are under strict certification criteria. These products meet specific safety factors, particularly for children, that can be used in environments such as schools and healthcare facilities. Any product that bears the GREENGUARD Gold Certification mark is certified under this program.

ASTM F1169 – Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs

The Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs (ASTM F1169) required all full-size baby cribs to contain requirements for marking, labeling, and instructional literature that fall within the definition of “collections of information”. This standard also requires instructions for assembly, maintenance, cleaning, storage, and use, assembly drawing, a list and description of all parts and tools required for assembly, and a full-size diagram of the required bolts and other fasteners, as well as a variety of warnings to be included with all full-size baby cribs.

16 CFR Part 1219 – Safety Standard for Full-Size Baby Cribs

Under the 16 CFR Part 1219, all full-size baby cribs are required to comply with the Standard Consumer Safety Specifications for Full-Size Baby Cribs.

16 CFR Part 1130 – Consumer Registration of Durable Infant or Toddler Products

16 CFR Part 1130 is a consumer product safety rule that establishes requirements for consumer registration of durable infant or toddles products, which help to improve the effectiveness of recalls of and safety alerts that are related to such products.

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